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Английский язык (3) 5 семестр / Иностранный язык. Английский язык.3/3 СПО - ответы на тест Синергия
Предмет:
Тип работы: Тест с ответами
ВУЗ (учебное заведение): Университет Синергия (МОИ, МТИ, МосАП)
Год сдачи: 2024
Описание: 100 вопросов с ответами (полный перечень на момент сдачи теста)
Результат: Итоговая оценка 90/100 баллов
Демо-файл: Скриншот
Дата добавления: 21.06.2024, 11:36
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Описание

 

Иностранный язык.  Английский язык (3) 5 семестр
ПОДРОБНАЯ ИНФОРМАЦИЯ
Вид контроля Экзамен
Семестр 5
УЧЕБНЫЕ МАТЕРИАЛЫ
Английский язык (3)

 ВОПРОСЫ:

  1. Read the texts and match them with the headings. There is one extra title.

Every family needs a homemaker. Whether this is the mum or dad, or part-time from both is irrelevant. In our family, we chose the traditional role for me to stay at home, but some families choose the reverse, especially if the woman has the better-paid job. We have actually experienced both since I had to work full-time when my husband was made redundant and stayed at home for a time. The days when the person staying at home to look after the house and family was thought of as being "just a housewife" have long gone, especially now that there is a role reversal and it is sometimes the man who stays home. Nowadays there is a lot of pride in being the "homemaker". It is one of the most worthwhile careers and the rewards, although not financial, are great. The family benefits from quality time from one parent all the time.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

THE PERFECT JOB

NEVER BORED

EXHAUSTING FOR ALL

MONEY OR TIME?

A ROLE REVERSAL

  1. Read the texts and match them with the headings. There is one extra title.

So, after my first baby arrived, I felt for years that I had the perfect job. I was my own boss. I could work when I wanted and have a rest when I wanted. If I didn't feel like cleaning or doing the shopping and wanted to have a day off, that was fine. Nobody else would have to be asked to cover for me, my work could wait until I was ready to do it. Oh yes, it was hard work taking care of our home and our children and the hours were long, but the work was varied and very rewarding. In fact, being a homemaker was the perfect job for me. I was absolutely happy being a housewife and mum. Watching my children thrive, witnessing their first steps, hearing their first words and all the other milestones were worth more than any amount of money.

Тип ответа: Одиночный выбор • с выбором одного правильного ответа из нескольких предложенных вариантов

THE PERFECT JOB

NEVER BORED

EXHAUSTING FOR ALL

MONEY OR TIME?

  1. Read the texts and match them with the headings. There is one extra title.

There were financial downsides of course to staying at home. New clothes and regular hairdos were a luxury. Social outings were those which included the family, perhaps going for a walk in the countryside, or taking a picnic. Expensive meals in restaurants were way beyond our means and out of the question. After my second child my former boss asked if I would consider returning to work. The salary would have been very welcome but there was no way anyone was going to look after my children except me, until they were old enough to go to school. Money was less important to me than my family. Besides, I would still have to pay someone to care for my children.

  • THE PERFECT JOB
  • NEVER BORED
  • EXHAUSTING FOR ALL
  • MONEY OR TIME?

4 - 11. WIND ENERGY

Every day you can see the wind blowing and watch all of that wasted energy just floating away. A lot of energy is thought to be (1) … and all you need to use it are a few wind turbines Currently less than 1% of the Earth’s energy needs are (2) … by wind, with Denmark being the most wind-friendly producing 23% of its own energy needs from wind. The energy produced is totally clean and also one of the (3) … around and it is able to produce (4) … 18 times more energy than is consumed in its construction, (5) … nuclear which is estimated at around five. People are often worried about the look of wind farms but what they often forget is that the land can still (6) … for farming, with only 1% of the space being taken up by the wind turbines. One of the biggest (7) … about wind turbines, is their effect on bats and birds. In Norway, nine out of ten sea eagles were killed by turbines. Bats too are a serious problem. Even the manufacturers of wind turbines are (8) … concerned by the numbers of bats being. killed, prompting ongoing research.

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (1).

  • available
  • handy
  • ready
  • convenient 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (2).

  • supplied
  • distributed
  • hardest 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (3).

  • cheapest
  • selected
  • easiest 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (4).

  • in average
  • on average
  • to average
  • by average 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (5).

  • added to
  • compared to
  • matched to
  • contrasted to 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (6).

  • have used
  • be used
  • be using 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (7).

  • benefits
  • advantages
  • concerns
  • prospect 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (8).

  • sadly
  • wrongly
  • badly
  • deeply 

12 - 19. HUMAN RIGHTS DAY On 10 December 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which has become a (1) … standard for defending and promoting human rights. Every year on 10 December, Human Rights Day marks the adoption of the Universal Declaration which states that «Human beings are born with (2) … rights and fundamental freedoms». In 2006, Human Rightstailan Day focused on (3) … poverty as a matter of obligation, not of charity. Poverty is (4) … by human rights violations. The links between human rights and poverty should be obvious: people whose rights are (5) … are more likely to be poor. Generally they find it harder or impossible to participate in the labour market and have little or no access to (6) … services and resources. Meanwhile, the poor in many societies cannot enjoy their rights to education, health and housing simply (7) … they cannot afford them. And poverty affects all human rights: for example, low income can prevent people from accessing education, which in turn inhibits their participation in public life and their ability to influence the policies affecting them. Governments and those in a position of authority must (8) … responsibility for dealing with poverty. The realisation of human rights — including the fight against poverty — is a duty, not a mere aspiration.

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (1).

  • universal
  • typical
  • whole
  • complete 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (2).

  • similar
  • same
  • equal
  • identical 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (3).

  • fighting
  • saving
  • encouraging
  • breaking 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (4).

  • caused
  • led
  • resulted
  • made 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (5).

  • neglected 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (6).

  • basic 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (7).

  • because 

Read the text and choose the best options to fill in the gap (8).

  • take
  1. Read the texts and match them with the headings. There is one extra title.

«I don’t know how you stay at home all day … I would be bored out of my mind», was a comment I often heard when I stayed at home. Was I bored Never I mastered the housework so that I wasn’t a slave to it. Obviously, there was the cleaning to be done regularly but it was the sharing of the tidying up that made the difference. My family learnt to tidy up after themselves and if there was a bit of accumulated dust it would wait until the end of the week when a day was set aside for a thorough cleaning. I established a routine for the necessary chores that had to be done daily, but if they weren’t completed by lunchtime, they were left until the next day. That way I had time to pursue my own interests and to spend time with the children as well.

  • NEVER BORED
  • EXHAUSTING FOR ALL
  • MONEY OR TIME
  • THE PERFECT JOB
  • WIND ENERGY

21 - 30. The Irish Travellers are the largest minority in Ireland. There are about 25,000 Irish Travellers in Ireland and 1,300 in Northern Ireland. They are a little understood nomadic community, who have many difficulties to overcome if they are to survive as a culture and gain acceptance into Irish society. Among the challenges facing them are poverty and racism. The Irish Travellers are a distinct ethnic group which has existed for centuries. Often they are mistakenly considered part of the nomadic Romani, an ethnic group which originated in the region of India and is now widespread throughout Europe. But the Irish Travellers are indigenous to Ireland, so the two cultures are not related. While both are nomadic, the Irish Travellers are Roman Catholic and speak a language that is theirs alone. They have their own culture, customs, traditions, and language. They are noted for their musical and storytelling abilities. In times past, they travelled by horse-drawn wagon in caravans, making camp along the way. Tinsmithing, horse trading and peddling were the major sources of income in those days. Tinsmiths were so prevalent among Irish Travellers that the terms Tinker and Irish Traveller were used interchangeably. Today, Tinker is one of many names for Irish Travellers. Horses and wagons have given way to mobile homes pulled by motor vehicles. They continue their life on the road, but there are fewer places to stop and fewer places where they are welcome. Today, Irish Travellers mainly work in re¬cycling. Changing needs of society and progress have eliminated the jobs that could support a culture on wheels. Irish Travellers are poor, undereducated, and on the receiving end of discrimination. Their life expectancy is lower than average while their infant mortality rate is higher than average. As is the case with the Romani, the Irish Travellers are seen by many as a group of immoral, ignorant criminals and con artists. People distrust their nomadic culture and their language, Shelta. Many think it’s a secret language specifically developed as a tool to help the Irish Travellers trick innocent people. But this is not true. It is an old language, which has evolved with time and circumstances. Once heavily infused with Irish Gaelic, it is now infused with English.

… are the two main problems of Irish Travellers

  • Poverty and racism

The Irish Travellers are mistakenly taken for the nomadic Romani, another  widely spread in Europe

  • ethnic group

Although both groups are nomadic, their cultures

  • are not related

In the past the Irish Travellers went around by … in caravans

  • horse-drawn wagon

They were called Tinkers, which is now … for them

  • a name

Irish Travellers have mobile homes pulled … now

  • by motor vehicles

Today, the Irish Travellers mainly work in 

  • recycling

They have low … and their infant mortality rate is … higher than average

  • life expectancy

People distrust their 

  • culture and their language

People think that the Irish Travellers … that helps them trick people

  • have a secret language 
  1. We are late. The film … by the time we get to the cinema.
  • will already have started
  • will already start
  • will be already started 
  1. Fill in the gaps in the text with the correct forms of the verbs.

I’m living in a small Hotel at the moment, but I … to a flat next week. I’ve asked a friend of mine to share it with me.

  • moved
  • am moving
  • have moved
  • move 
  1. Fill in the gaps in the text with the correct forms of the verbs.

I’ve been working as a manager since I … and I find It really interesting.

  • arrived
  • arrive
  • will arrive
  • arrives
  1. We … 20 new buildings this year.
  • had built
  • have built
  • built 
  1. Water … at 100 degrees.
  • will boil
  • will have been boiling
  • boils 
  1. I … when my friend …
  • slept, was calling
  • slept, called
  • was sleeping, called 
  1. All in all, the internet is here to stay and whether it … our life is up to us.
  • improved or ruined
  • improves or ruins 
  1. Choose true sentence according to the text. Homemaking …

Every family needs a homemaker. Whether this is the mum or dad, or part-time from both is irrelevant. In our family, we chose the traditional role for me to stay at home, but some families choose the reverse, especially if the woman has the better-paid job. We have actually experienced both since I had to work full-time when my husband was made redundant and stayed at home for a time. The days when the person staying at home to look after the house and family was thought of as being «just a housewife» have long gone, especially now that there is a role reversal and it is sometimes the man who stays home. Nowadays there is a lot of pride in being the «homemaker». It is one of the most worthwhile careers and the rewards, although not financial, are great. The family benefits from quality time from one parent all the time.

  • has become a worthwhile career
  • prevented the family from having social life
  • helped someone to pursue his/her own interests 
  1. It … outside; I do not like to walk in such weather.
  • is rain
  • rains
  • is raining 
  1. I … a very difficult day tomorrow. I need to prepare for the exam.
  • having
  • will have
  • have 
  1. At 10 o’clock in the morning on Wednesday Tom … a delegation in the office.
  • will be receiving
  • is receiving
  • will receive 
  1. Although the sun was shining, it was still cold, because it … hard for two hours.
  • was raining
  • had rained
  • had been raining
  1. Choose true sentence according to the text. Homemaking …

So, after my first baby arrived, I felt for years that I had the perfect job. I was my own boss. I could work when I wanted and have a rest when I wanted. If I didn’t feel like cleaning or doing the shopping and wanted to have a day off, that was fine. Nobody else would have to be asked to cover for me, my work could wait until I was ready to do it. Oh yes, it was hard work taking care of our home and our children and the hours were long, but the work was varied and very rewarding. In fact, being a homemaker was the perfect job for me. I was absolutely happy being a housewife and mum. Watching my children thrive, witnessing their first steps, hearing their first words and all the other milestones were worth more than any amount of money.

  • made someone very happy
  • was easier than combining full-time work and housework
  • prevented the family from having social life 
  1. I … for a whole hour
  • am waiting
  • was waiting
  • have been waiting 
  1. After they … they cleared the table.
  • have eaten
  • had eaten
  • eat 
  1. Fill in the gaps in the text with the correct forms of the verbs.

I’m learning Russian and l can already understand what people around me are talking about. «But I find it really difficult to speak Russian. I … the course by the end of the year and hope I feel more confident with this language.

  • finished
  • finish
  • will finish
  • will have finished 
  1. Fill in the gaps in the text with the correct forms of the verbs.
    You said you … to see me this Christmas.
  • came
  • come
  • will come
  • were coming 
  1. Choose the right variant
    When Mark arrived, the Johnsons … dinner, but stopped in order to talk to him.
  • were having
  • was having
  • had been having
  • had 
  1. Choose the right variant
    While Tom … a book, Marhta … TV.
  • read, was watching
  • was reading, watched
  • was reading, was watching
  • read, watched 
  1. Choose the right variant
    The food that Ann is cooking in the kitchen …
  • smells
  • will smell
  • is smelling
  • smelt
  1. Catherine is studying law at the university, and so … Nick.
  • was
  • were
  • does
  • is
  1. I feel terrible. I think I … to be sick.
  • go
  • am going
  • will
  1. My colleagues usually … four days a week, and tills week they … five days.
  • work, work
  • are working, work
  • are working, are working 
  1. I have lost my key again. I … things.  I lose things too often.
  • was always losing
  • am always losing
  • have always lost
  • always lose
  1. He was found guilty … robbing the bank
  • of
  • for
  • with
  • at 
  1. I’ve got too little time and my … care will be to find … way to the village because the school I`m going to is at … end.
  • near, next, farther
  • nearest, nearest, furthest
  • next, the nearest, the fartherest
  • next, next, further
  1. We went out for … meal last night … restaurant we went to was … excellent place.
  • a, the, an
  • the , a, an
  • a, a, a
  • the, the, the
  1. The weather … hotter and hotter.
  • gets
  • has been getting
  • is getting
  • get
  1. The first modern Olympics … in Athens more than a hundred years ago.
  • were taking place
  • took
  • have taken
  • had taken
  1. … always … if the service is bad in restaurants.
  • -, complain
  • am, complaining
  • will be, complaining
  • will, complain
  1. She … always … in Moscow.
  • —, lives
  • has lived
  • has been living
  • has live
  1. I am not reading a book now. …
  • Neither am I
  • So do I
  • Neither do I
  • I am not
  1. The teacher … a report on the Civil War.
  • told to Jane to make
  • tell to Jane to make
  • told Jane make
  • told Jane to make
  1. Jane … worry about her health.
  • ask to me not to
  • asked to not
  • asked me not to
  • asked not
  1. I found it difficult to answer him. I was … to able to think clearly.
  • enough confused
  • confusing too
  • very confusing
  • too confused
  1. I intend to buy this book …
  • so do I
  • so will I
  • so am I
  • so did I 
  1. She … at the parcel long enough, before she … that it was for her brother.
  • had been looking, had understood
  • was looking, understood
  • had been looking, understood
  1. I … to the cinema but my friend persuaded me to stay.
  • did not go
  • was going
  • am not going
  1. We were good friends, we … each other for years.
  • had knowing
  • had known
  • were knowing
  1. We were extremely tired at the end of the journey. We … for more than 24 hours.
  • were travelling
  • had been travelling
  • have travelled 
  1. Choose the right variant

We called our friends in London yesterday to tell them about the reunion that we …

  • will plan
  • were planning
  • have planned
  • plan 
  1. I … in Novgorod for three months and I’m enjoying life here very much.
  • was
  • have been
  • had been
  • am 
  1. At the same time, remember that money is also important for you need it to survive. So, if a job is all … but no pay, things can get difficult.
  • satisfaction
  • satisfy 
  1. But if you do not enjoy what you do then you are … wasting a large part of your life.
  • foolishly
  • fool 
  1. A career development professional will use various tools to help you evaluate your interests, personality, … and values.
  • skills
  • skillful 
  1. In a real life situation it is not easy to start speaking with a complete stranger, a person in power or a child. The internet your age, class and looks.
  • hide
  • hides 
  1. Kate has been working here …
  • since two years
  • for two years
  • two years ago 
  1. The internet has changed people's life dramatically. It has allowed people from all over the worl … with each other and express their ideas and opinions.
  • to communicate
  • communication 
  1. Then, the best way to deal with the dilemma is to think about. … a career counselor.
  • consult
  • consulting 
  1. He or she will then show you how all these things, combined, play a role in choosing a career. You can also learn about a career by interviewing people who are already in that profession. Once you have all the information you need, list out all the pros and cons of that particular job. Look at the various ... .
  • alternatives
  • alter 
  1. This happens because computers … to compensate for feelings of loneliness, marital and work problems, poor social life, and financial problems.
  • are used
  • use 
  1. Moreover, career choices cannot be made based on just a few criteria alone. Your job may carry great monetary … and perks.
  • Beneficial
  • Benefits 
  1. How long … you …? Since I was 17.
  • have driven
  • did drive
  • have been driving 
  1. I hope Kate is coming soon. I ... for two hours.
  • had been waiting
  • have been waiting
  • am waiting 
  1. At last Kate came. I … for two hours.
  • have been waiting
  • am waiting
  • had been waiting 
  1. Long ago they … most houses out of wood.
  • build
  • built
  • have built 
  1. The internet offers other alternatives, such as working from home and online shopping. Today you … go out to buy goods or earn money.
  • don’t have to
  • haven’t to 
  1. The biggest concern about people using the internet is … addicted to it.
  • getting
  • got
  1. Choose true sentence according to the text. Homemaking…

So, after my first baby arrived, I felt for years that I had the perfect job. I was my own boss. I could work when I wanted and have a rest when I wanted. If I didn't feel like cleaning or doing the shopping and wanted to have a day off, that was fine. Nobody else would have to be asked to cover for me, my work could wait until I was ready to do it. Oh yes, it was hard work taking care of our home and our children and the hours were long, but the work was varied and very rewarding. In fact, being a homemaker was the perfect job for me. I was absolutely happy being a housewife and mum. Watching my children thrive, witnessing their first steps, hearing their first words and all the other milestones were worth more than any amount of money.

  • is hard work with long hours
  • is beneficial for the family
  • made for a financially difficult period 
  1. The boy sitting next to me on the plane was nervous because he … before.
  • has not flown
  • had not flown
  • did not fly 
  1. I … here all my life.
  • am living
  • have living
  • have lived 
  1. We still … life on other planets.
  • hadn't discovered
  • won't discover
  • didn't discover 
  1. We … for a walk when it … raining.
  • will go, stops
  • are going, will stop
  • will go, will stop 
  1. How long … you … Kate?
  • did know
  • have known
  • do known
  • had been knowing
  1. His grandfather … from his job a year ago
  • Has retired
  • Was retining
  • Retide
  1. Woodroffe thinks Yotel will succeed ...
  • only in airports
  • in city centres, too
  • outside city centres
  1. The Yotel showers are ...
  • not included in the price
  • The Yotel showers are ...
  • in the rooms
  • separate from the rooms
  1. A. … training to do my job properly.
  2. I’m sorry. It’s just not possible.
  • I need some
  • Can I have your 
  1. 99. I … you later, OK
  • call
  • ‘ll call 
  1. I … to the news on television at nine o’clock last night
  • had been listening
  • listened
  • have been listening
  • was listening

 

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